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Caring for Roses





  1. While holding the stems under water in a sink or under running water, cut about one inch off each stem with a sharp knife or shears. Remove any leaves that may be under water when roses are placed into the vase. Do not let the newly cut end dry off before placement in the vase.


  2. Water to which a good floral preservative has been added is the best solution in which to arrange fresh cut roses. Using it as recommended will provide additional days of vase life. Avoid using water from a water softener. If no floral preservative is available the following can be used; 1 can of 7up or sprite to 1 litre of water, 1 tablespoon of sugar added to water or a splash of hydrogen peroxide.


  3. Immediately after the stems are cut, place your roses in a deep vase of warm preservative solution (about 100 degrees F). If possible leave them in a cool dark room or refrigerator to 'condition' for 2 or 3 hours after arranging.


  4. If a florist's porous foam material is used in assembling the arrangement, it is important that it is thoroughly saturated in advance in water containing a floral preservative. Be sure that the rose stems are inserted firmly well below the solution level in the container. Do not move the stem ends after inserting them into the foam. This may leave an air pocket at the base of the stem.


  5. Display your fresh cut rose arrangements in a cool area out of direct sunlight and drafts.


  6. Roses are thirsty flowers. It is important to check to see that the vase is full and add preservative solution often. Be sure foam materials are completely saturated and the container is full daily.


  7. Any lilies received should have the pollen stamens removed as they open. This will enhance the life of the lily and prevent any staining from the pollen.

Note
Premature wilting is not a sign that the rose is old. It usually indicates that air is entrapped in the stem and the preservative solution cannot flow properly up the stem.

The end of the stem may be blocked, or look for a cut or scrape in the bark above the water level. Recut the stem above the injured section and then submerge the entire rose in a basin or shallow pan of warm water (about 100 degrees F). Be sure to keep the stem and head straight. It will usually revive within an hour and can be replaced in the arrangement.



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